Released: Filed Under: NCFCA Lincoln-Douglas
Psychologist Sigmund Freud once wrote to Albert Einstein in a letter regarding conflict and war: “Conflicts of interest between man and man are resolved, in principle, by the recourse to violence.” In Freud’s view, mankind in their primitive state leap, by fate of human nature alone, directly to violence. However, Freud did not believe humans were doomed to war:
How long have we to wait before the rest of men turn pacifist? Impossible to say, and yet perhaps our hope that these two factors – man’s cultural disposition and a well-founded dread of the form that future wars will take – may serve to put an end to war in the near future.
This year’s NCFCA Lincoln Douglas resolution provides a unique challenge for debaters: In the past, Lincoln Douglas resolutions have left debaters free to argue the effectiveness of individual policies, using examples and statistics to prove their claims. This year, debaters must prove not that preventive warfare works, but that Preventive Warfare is ethical. To help prepare you to meet that challenge, this article will be divided into two sections. The first, The Study of Ethics, will provide an introduction to the philosophies on determining ethics in a vacuum. The second section, Ethics in Context – Is Preventive Warfare Justified, will consider the philosophy of preventive warfare and weigh this against the various theories discussed in Section One.
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Zachary has competed in NCFCA Lincoln Douglas debate for three years, including making it to finals at a national-level tournament and competing at Nationals. He is also qualified to Extemporaneous finals at his regional tournament. In his spare time, he’s a runner and a golf player who does some science activities on the side. This year, Zachary is competing in his fourth season of NCFCA Lincoln Douglas debate as a high-school sophomore.